Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences

Bias minimisation

Study Methodology

1. KF Schultz, I Chalmers, RJ Hayes, DG Altman. Empirical evidence of bias: Dimensions of methodological quality associated with estimates of treatment effects in controlled trials. Journal of the American Medical Association 1995 273: 408-12.

2. Moore RA, Gavaghan D, Tramèr MR, Collins SL, McQuay HJ. Size is everything - large amounts of information are needed to overcome random effects in estimating direction and magnitude of treatment effects. Pain 1998, 78: 217-220.

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